Last edited by Kira
Thursday, November 19, 2020 | History

2 edition of The context of HIV risk among drug users and their sexual partners found in the catalog.

The context of HIV risk among drug users and their sexual partners

The context of HIV risk among drug users and their sexual partners

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  • 27 Currently reading

Published by U.S. Dept. of Health and Human Services, Public Health Service, National Institutes of Health, National Institute on Drug Abuse, Supt. of Docs., U.S. G.P.O, distributor] in Rockville, MD (5600 Fishers Lane, Rockville 20857), [Washington, D.C .
Written in English

    Subjects:
  • HIV infections -- Risk factors.,
  • Drug addicts -- Sexual behavior.,
  • Intravenous drug abuse -- United States.,
  • AIDS (Disease)

  • Edition Notes

    Statementeditors, Robert J. Battjes, Zili Sloboda, William C. Grace.
    SeriesNIDA research monograph -- 143., NIH publication -- no. 94-3750., NIDA research monograph -- 143., NIH publication -- no. 94-3750.
    ContributionsBattjes, Robert., Sloboda, Zili., Grace, William., National Institute on Drug Abuse.
    The Physical Object
    FormatMicroform
    Paginationiv, 255 p.
    Number of Pages255
    ID Numbers
    Open LibraryOL17749019M

      Literature support early sexual debut has been associated with HIV-related risk factors like multiple partners, unprotected sex and alcohol use in the context of sexual intercourse [14, 27, 28]. In contradict to the report from Uganda [ 26 ], fewer cases of multiple partnerships were observed among students of older age group in both by: Natural History and Epidemiology o Studies of the epidemiology and natural history of HIV and blood-borne infections, STDs, and TB in injecting and noninjecting drug users and their sexual partners, including studies of women, racial and ethnic minorities, specific subpopulations (e.g., adolescents and young adults, runaways, street youth, men.


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The context of HIV risk among drug users and their sexual partners Download PDF EPUB FB2

The Context of HIV Risk Among Drug Users and Their Sexual Partners. Proceedings of a meeting. April[No authors listed] PMID: [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE] Publication Types: Congresses; Overall; MeSH Terms.

HIV Infections/transmission* Humans; Risk-Taking* Sexual Behavior* Substance-Related Disorders*. The context of HIV risk among drug users and their sexual partners Author: Robert Battjes ; Zili Sloboda ; William C Grace ; National Institute on Drug Abuse.

Semantic Scholar extracted view of "The Context of HIV Risk Among Drug Users and Their Sexual Partners. Proceedings of a meeting.

April" by Robert J. Battjes et al. BACKGROUND: Injection drug users represent the largest proportion of all HIV reported cases in Viet Nam.

This study aimed to explore the perceptions of risk and risk behaviours among HIV-positive injection drug users, and their experiences related to safe injection and safe sex by:   Few studies have examined potential linkages between the epidemic of HIV and the epidemic of drug abuse in Africa.

20 Among drug-using MSM in Cape Town, Durban, and Pretoria, South Africa, considerable overlap was found for drug use and sexual risk behaviors, with high rates for use of crack cocaine and heroin, risky sexual behavior, and HIV transmission. 20 Recent attempts Cited by: In multivariate analyses, sex trade was associated with risk of HIV infection, whereas race, age, history of pneumonia or genital herpes, high self-rated AIDS risk, and IDU history were related to greater by: In multivariate analyses, sex trade was associated with lower risk of HIV infection, whereas race, age, history of pneumonia or genital herpes, high self-rated AIDS risk, and IDU history were related to greater by: In 21 states, laws require persons who are aware that they have HIV to disclose their status to sexual partners and 12 states require disclosure to needle-sharing partners.

Several states criminalize one or more behaviors that pose a low or negligible risk for HIV transmission. a community-level prevention effort.

is any action or circumstance that would increase susceptibility to diseases. Progression along the HIV care continuum (from diagnosis to receipt of care to retention in care to viral suppression) follows a straight line (i.e., no differences in percentages along the continuum).

of drug withdrawal The risk of HIV transmission is not limited to injecting drug use. Inhaled or orally ingested drugs can indirectly expose the user to multiple risk factors for HIV.

Male drug users have reported that stimulants and alcohol increased their sexual desire while cocaine enhanced their sexual performance Under the influence. As is the case with younger adults, the prevalence of HIV infections is elevated among ethnic minorities, drug users (eg, injection drug users), and men who have sex with men.

When infected, older adults are likely to be diagnosed with HIV-related medical disorders later in the course of illness compared with their younger by:   The risk for getting or transmitting HIV is very high if an HIV-negative person uses injection equipment that someone with HIV has used.

This is because the needles, syringes, or other injection equipment may have blood in them, and blood can carry HIV. Substance use disorder can also increase the risk of getting HIV through sex.

Seroselection, or “serosorting,” in which sexual partners use information regarding the actual or perceived HIV serostatus of their partners as a tool in gauging the level of acceptable risk in regard to condom use consistency, may be very important in determining sexual behaviors.

African American women are most likely to be infected with HIV through high risk heterosexual contact [ 5 ]. They are often unaware of their male partners' risk factors for HIV infection, such as unprotected sex with multiple partners, bisexuality, or injection drug use [ 13, 14 ].

Sexual contact is also the main risk factor for Black by: Risk and Transmission of HIV, HCV & HBV Among Stimulant Drugs Users: Review of the Evidence (A) Methodology and Summary.

English Women Who Inject Drugs: A Review of their Risks, Experiences and Needs. English. Rapid Assessment and Response Guide on Substance Use and Sexual Risk Behaviour (SEX-RAR).

Prisoners who then have multiple sexual partners after release place their partners in the community at particular risk of HIV infection. Although many of the drug users were prescribed drugs for their dependency, limited access to appropriate treatment, counselling, and health education may compound the by:   People who are addicted to opioids are also at risk of turning to other ways to get the drug, including trading sex for drugs or money, which increases HIV risk.

Methamphetamine. “Meth” is linked to risky sexual behaviors, such as having more sexual partners or sex without a condom, that place people at greater risk for HIV and other sexually transmitted diseases.

(illicit) drugs and their risk behaviour. The size of the drug-injecting problem in turn usually depends on several factors, including the supplies of injectable drugs, such as heroin, amphetamines and cocaine; drug demand; and the patterns and norms of use among young people, such as whether drugs tend to be injected versus smoked or Size: 1MB.

Abstract. Injection drug use is a major factor in acquiring and transmitting HIV in Vietnam. This analysis aims to present estimates of HIV infection and factors associated with HIV infection among female sex partners (FSP) of MWID in Ho Chi Minh City (HCMC), by: 4.

Background. In the context of increasing HIV prevalence among women in regular sexual partnerships, this paper examines the relationship between male injecting drug users' (IDUs) risky injecting practices and sexual risk behaviors with casual partners and inconsistent condom use with regular by: STRATEGIES TO REDUCE HIV SEXUAL RISK PRACTICES OF DRUG USERS NIH GUIDE, Vol Num April 8, PA NUMBER: PA P.T.

Keywords: National Institute on Drug Abuse PURPOSE The purpose of this Program Announcement is to introduce a major research effort to develop and evaluate the efficacy of multi-phase behavioral change interventions designed to reduce high-risk sexual.

One explanation for the gender disparity in HIV prevalence is that FWID are more likely to have sex partners who also inject drugs, placing them at higher risk for acquiring HIV through drug or sexual risk behaviors with their partners, while MWID are more likely to have sex partners who do not inject drugs (16, 17).

Moreover, studies have identified gender-associated economic and social inequalities within Cited by: A) Many older adults do not see themselves as being at risk for HIV infection. B) Many older adults are not aware of the difference between HIV and AIDS. C) Older adults tend to have more sex partners than younger adults.

D) Older adults have the highest incidence of intravenous drug use. Evidence shows that HIV can also be a risk factor for violence since disclosure can put women at risk of violence by their partners, family or community members.

Drug use is another common dimension of both phenomena, and can also serve as risk factor or outcome of experiencing violence or HIV infection.

PDF | HIV risks involving injection and sex behaviors were analyzed in relation to cocaine use and gender among opiate-dependent clients in | Find, read and cite all the research you need.

Partners who have been reached and are not known to have HIV infection should be offered postexposure prophylaxis with combination antiretrovirals if they were exposed to genital secretions or blood of a partner with HIV infection though sex or injection-drug use within the preceding 72 hours ().

STD Testing During HIV Care. Often, substance users have multiple sexual partners. This increases their risk of becoming infected with HIV or another sexually transmitted disease. Also, substance users may have an increased risk of carrying sexually transmitted diseases.

This can increase their risk of becoming infected with HIV, or of transmitting HIV infection. INTRODUCTION. Attempts to slow the HIV epidemic worldwide have led to a clearer understanding that the battle is not simply about using condoms or adherence to medication.

Rather, HIV risk and AIDS care involve complex behaviors influenced from multiple levels, from an individual's knowledge, attitudes, emotions, and risk perception, to power dynamics between partners, accessibility of. The prevalence of lifetime sexual and physical intimate partner violence in drug-involved women, particularly in crack-cocaine users, are three times higher than in women who do not use drugs, and intimate partner violence is a major factor in HIV-infection risk.

2Cited by: Female sexual partners of injection drug users are at risk for AIDS because of their association with street drug cultures and all their concomitant risks, including their own non-injecting drug use.

People who use drugs are an important priority for HIV programs. However, data related to their utilization of HIV services are limited. This paper reports patterns of HIV testing, drug use, and risk and service perception among people who use drugs.

Study participants were receiving HIV and harm reduction services from a community-based program in Phnom Penh, comprised of itinerant Cited by: 4. Since the beginning of the HIV/AIDS epidemic, individuals who abuse drugs and alcohol have been at heightened risk for HIV infection.

While unsafe injection practices contribute directly to HIV transmission risk for some, the engagement in risky sexual behaviors in the context of substance abuse, often in violent relationships, fuels HIV transmission in this population more broadly.

In the United States, methamphetamine continues to be a substance that is used and abused by gay, bisexual, and other men who have sex with men (MSM). Although there is no evidence that suggests a causal pathway between use of the drug and HIV seroconversion, the two are highly associated.

Moreover, numerous studies indicate use and abuse of methamphetamine among gay Cited by: global dual epidemic of drug use and HIV/AIDS, particularly injection drug use.

The panel supported expanded access to HAART for drug users using the “seek, test, treat, and retain” paradigm. Panel members agreed that evidence-based substance abuse treatment and prevention are essential to a comprehensive HIV prevention strategy.

attitudes toward safer sex practices and increased sexual risk-taking by some HIV-infected persons (12,23–27). Injection drug use also continues to play a key role in the HIV epidemic; at least 28% of AIDS cases among adults and adolescents with known HIV risk category reported to CDC in were associated with injection drug use (28).

In some. Preventing HIV Infection Among Injecting Drug Users in high-risk countries should act now to prevent the growing problem of HIV among IDUs, their partners, and children. Hucks-Ortiz C. Behavioral treatment approaches for methamphetamine dependence and HIV-related sexual risk behaviors among urban gay and bisexual men.

Drug and. Despite evidence of the range of high-risk sexual practices among injecting drug users, high-risk injection behavior has dominated the attention of researchers, with the sexual transmission of HIV receiving far less attention. HIV infection is increasing among noninjecting drug users Cited by: Monitoring of behavior and HIV prevalence among people who use injecting drugs and their sexual partners / Y.

Barska, Y. Sazonova. – К.: ICF "Alliance of Public Health", – p. The report is based on the study "Monitoring of behavior and HIV prevalence among the injecting drug users and their sexual. These trends in AIDS cases reflect the rising injection drug use related infections of several years ago.

By now, the spread of HIV among injection drug users, their sexual partners, and their offspring accounts for a major proportion of new HIV infections in the United States and the continuing expansion of the AIDS epidemic. Risks of HIV-1 infection may result from direct exposure to contaminated blood through sharing of injection drug equipment and from unsafe sexual practices (while under the influence of drugs and/or in exchange for drugs).

Drug use, violence and depression have been described as a tripartite of risk factors that appear to have a profound influence on HIV risk and HIV infection among African-American women.

For example, crack cocaine use has had a devastating effect on the African-American community and appears to increase the likelihood of riskier sexual Cited by: Women who inject drugs: A review of their risks, experiences and needs Female same-sex partnerships 50 Risk of HIV in WSW 50 Prevalence of WSW among IDU populations 50 HIV risks of WSW IDU 51 Intimate partner violence 52 Risk factors for IPV 54 Intimate partner violence and HIV risk The use of alcohol and nonmedical psychoactive drugs, including marijuana, is associated with risky sexual behavior such as unprotected intercouse,20 but methodological limitations have made it.